Hong Kong first became part of the mainland
China over 2000 years ago during the Tang
Dynasty and saw a population increase since.
Through the years Hong Kong became an International
Trading Center and a salt producing center.
The population increased even more during
a Mongol invasion when refugees filled the
In the 19th Century after trading disagreements
and the Opium War, Hong Kong became part
of British Territory. During the British
occupation period, technology improved quickly
transforming every industry but everything
was suddenly halted on December 25 1941.
On that day the Japanese who had bombed
Pearl Harbor two weeks ago attacked and
quickly took over Hong Kong. From that day
on until August 15, 1945 when the Japanese
surrendered to end World War II, Hong Kong
economy was completely halted.
By the end of the war, the population half
of what it had been before the war. However
cheap labor was brought in and Hong Kong
gradually reclaimed the status it had before
the war becoming a very wealthy and independent
colony but on July 1 1997, Hong Kong became
part of Chinese territory again as the British
handed the colony to the P.R.China. and
although changes were made Hong Kong kept
its own economy, political and other systems.
Hong Kong is located on the Southeast tip
of the P.R.C some 1200km from Shanghai,
the next largest city and nearly 2000km
from the capital of Beijing.
Hong Kong covers Hong Kong Island, Lantau
Island, the Kowloon Peninsula and the New
Territories, including 262 outlying islands.
Between Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon
Peninsula lies Victoria Harbour, one of
the world's most renowned deep-water harbors.
Summers in Hong Kong are hot and include
frequent rainfalls while the winters are
cold and dry. During the year, there is
over 2,000mm of rainfall most of which occurs
from the end of spring to the beginning
Average annual rainfall: 2,214.3 mm
Wettest month: August
Driest month: January
Hong Kong offers a host of memorable tourist
attractions within its compact area, with
The Peak, Victoria Harbour and the Giant
Buddha among the most awe-inspiring.
You'll be amazed by the diverse contrasts
and close proximity of stunning cityscapes
and soaring mountains, heritage sites and
extensive green countryside.
Hong Kong's most popular attraction, The
Peak offers spectacular views over the city,
harbour and mountains beyond. For an extra
buzz, take the Peak Tram.
Take the iconic Star Ferry to enjoy stunning
views around the harbour, and don’t
miss the nightly A Symphony of Lights show
featuring harbour-front buildings.
Lantau Island features an outdoor seated
Giant bronze Buddha, along with the Po Lin
Monastery and Ngong Ping Piazza, Tai O village
on stilts, Ngong Ping 360 and Hong Kong
Hong Kong’s outlying islands are a
world of rich history and culture, breathtaking
natural beauty and charming village life.
In this guide, you can discover these hidden
gems with insights from local islanders.
Hong Kong Global Geopark of China
Millions of years old and covering eight
scenic areas in the East and Northeast New
Territories, the Hong Kong Global Geopark
of China is a marvel of nature.